English Language Rules: Phonological Rules, Derivation Rules and More

English Language Rules: Phonological Rules, Derivation Rules and More

English Language Rules: Phonological Rules, Derivation Rules and More

Learning the English language comes with many rules. These rules include both intense and rather beginner level difficulties. However, no matter their level of difficulties, phonological rules and derivation rules in the English language are perhaps one of the most important once since they are widely used in modern English.

The phonology rules will adjust the meaning of specific elements in general, change the location of whole phonemes, and remove features and add features. On the other hand, derivation rule the English language is the development process of words and phrases. Nowadays, it is important to know this feature of the English language. The goal of this article is to explain the English language rules of phonological and derivation rules.

Phonological Rules in the English Language

We do not express a list of independent sounds while we talk. Instead, in a constant flow of sounds, we talk. The precise realization of the pronunciation is, in other words, separate from the inclusion of the actual units. All these have to be defined by phonological rules in the English language. What are the phonological rules, then, and what is the key objective? In short, the principles of phonology are the analysis of how sounds that refer to each other in various ways and to the grammar and lexicon of a language are made.

Phonetics is the study of how talking sounds shape rhythms. Phonology teaches us what tones are in a language, how they are and can be merged into terms, and discusses that it is important to recognize a word with such phonetic features.
We can categorize phonological rules in the English language to four different categories as it follows:


In phonology, assimilation is a common term for the practice by which a speech sound becomes equal or equivalent to an adjacent sound. For example, the usual form of informal expression of the term ten bikes would be /tem baiks/, not /ten baiks/, which will sound rather ‘careful.’ Within this instance, the assimilation was partial: the /n/ sound fell beneath the influence of the following /b/, and became /m/.


Unlike the assimilation rule, dissimilation process makes two less close to each other in sounding. A sound shift involving the loss of a syllable when it’s next to a phonetically equivalent (or similar) syllable is one type of dissimilation. The reduction of Anglaland in Old English to England in Modern English is probably the best-known example.

Insertion is our third rule of phonological rules in English and briefly speaking, it is the phonological method of applying a sound to a word. For example, we would say [REG ew lar] if we say the word “usual” as it is spelled. Insertion rule helps one to say the word with greater musicality, tempo, and tension by adding the [y] tone.


Lastly, there is a deletion rule. According to that rule, a portion of the sound is extracted from a phrase. After a /m/, the final /b/ on some words is erased but exists if there is a syllable that follows. For example crumb-crumble, bomb-bombard.
Speaking of the deleting function, it is not possible to neglect another occasion, namely weakening. Terms that convey grammatical relationships are often created with less intensity in regular speech, as opposed to type in the text. In that case, isolation or in a position where more emphasis must be placed.

Derivation Rules in the English Language

In English grammar rules, derivation, usually by introducing a prefix or a suffix, is considered to be the method of forming a new word from an existing word. In other words, the derivation is the creation of a word by modifying or inserting affixes (e.g., “joy” to “joyful”) to the structure of the word.
At the start of a root phrase, elements such as un- are considered prefixes. It is possible to apply the prefix un- to several distinct lexical bases, such as pleasant, friendly, clever (to say unpleasant, unfriendly, unclever, etc.).

The pronunciation of the abbreviations -er, -or, and — ar- to words produces nouns in English. Agency suffixes are linked to as ‘-er’, ‘or’ and ‘-ar’ since their addition to action verbs creates agent nouns or nouns that classify the person or other body performing the action. Agent adjectives, in other words, are commonly names for persons. For instance, attaching -er to the main form of the verb –learn- results in the suffix –learner- , which means someone who learns, and applying -or to the main form of the verb –interrogate- results in the noun –interrogator- , which means someone who interrogates.

Instances of some popular agent adjectives in English grouped by -er, -or, and -ar suffix are found in the following lists:

-er examples

Teach – Teacher

Learn – Learner

Own – Owner

Fight – Fighter

-or examples

Visit – Visitor

Invest – Investor

Advise – Advisor

Invent – Inventor

-ar examples

Lie – Liar

Beg – Beggar