50 Examples of Prefixes and Suffixes, Definition and Examples

50 Examples of Prefixes and Suffixes, Definition and Examples

50 Examples of Prefixes and Suffixes, Definition and Examples



PREFIXES

Prefixes are used to change the meaning of a word. A syllable word or group of syllables added to the beginning of a word. Prefixes help to add meaning to words and make it possible to create new words that are easily understood everywhere. Understanding a few prefix examples will help you understand the logic of new words and use them appropriately.

For example, consider the prefix de-. This prefix means getting something back.  It is usually added to a verb.  You can then activate the verb. Likewise, you can parse, add to other verbs.

Negative Prefixes

Some prefixes translate the original meaning of the new word into its opposite meaning.




For example:

contra

Examples: contradict, contraindicated, contrarian

de

Examples: deactivate, degrade, de-icer

dis

Examples: disagree, disapprove, disconnect

il-/im-/in-/ir

Examples: illegal, impermeable, injustice, irreversible

non

Examples: nonexistent, nonfiction, non-negotiable,

un

Examples: unkind, unresponsive, unruly

  • In addition, some prefixes add new meanings to the word.  Repeat, negative, positive, etc. It is always important to know the basic meaning of the sentence. With the prefix to the word, the sentence gains meaning.
Other Common Prefixes

There are many prefixes that don’t negate the original meaning of the root word, but rather alter it in unique ways, such as expressing relationships of place, time or manner.

ante-

Examples: antebellum, antediluvian

circum-

Examples: circumnavigate, circumscribe, circumvent

co-/com-/con-   

Examples: coexist, commiserate, contact

en

Examples: encase, endow, envelope

ex-/exo- 

Examples: exhale, extend, exoskeleton

extra

Examples: extracurricular, extraterrestrial, extravert




hyper

Examples: hyperactive, hyperspace, hypertension,

inter-

Examples: interactive, intersect, interstate

mega

Examples: megaphone, megaton

micro

Examples: microcosm, microphone, microscope

mid

Examples: midnight, midseason, midterm

mis

Examples: misappropriate, misunderstand, misuse

mono

Examples: monogamous, monotone

over

Examples: overcook, overdone, overwrought

post

Examples: postdate, postscript, post-war




pre-

Examples: prefix, preliminary, preschool

re-

Examples: reconsider, re-evaluate

rewrite / semi

Examples: semiconductor, semester

sub-

Examples: subjugate, submarine

 

Suffixes

A suffix is ​​a letter added to the end of a word to create a new word or to change the function of the original word.  It can also be a group of letters. In other words, a suffix is ​​put at the end of a word to change its meaning. For Detailed Suffixes List;

Here are 20 Examples of Suffixes and Examples;

1. Suffix -acy

Democracy, accuracy, lunacy

 

2. Suffix – al

Remedial, denial, trial, criminal

 




3. Suffix -ance

Nuisance, ambience, tolerance

 

4. Suffix -dom

Freedom, stardom, boredom

 

5. Suffix -er, -or

Reader, creator, interpreter, inventor, collaborator, teacher

 

6. Suffix -ism

Judaism, scepticism, escapism

 

7. Suffix -ist

Geologist, protagonist, sexist, scientist, theorist, communist

 

8. Suffix -ity, -ty

Extremity, validity, enormity

 

9. Suffix -ment

Enchantment, argument

 

10. Suffix -ness

Heaviness, highness, sickness

 

11. Suffix -ship

Friendship, hardship, internship

 

12. Suffix -ate

Mediate, collaborate, create

 

13. Suffix -en

Sharpen, strengthen, loosen

 

14. Suffix -ify, -fy

Justify, simplify, magnify, satisfy

 




15. Suffix -ise, -ize

Publicise, synthesise, hypnotise

 

16. Suffix -able, ible 

Edible, fallible, incredible, audible

 

17. Suffix -al

Fiscal, thermal, herbal, colonial

 

18. Suffix -esque

Picturesque, burlesque, grotesque

 

19. Suffix -ful

Handful, playful, hopeful, skilful

 

20. Suffix -ic, -ical

Psychological, hypocritical, methodical, nonsensical, musical

 

Suffixes that make NOUNS

Suffix Meaning Example
age A result Wreckage
ance An action or state Importance
-ant A person Asistant
–ee A person Referee
-ence An action or state Difference
-er/or A person Teacher
ery A type or place of work Bakery
ess Makes a feminine form Waitress
-ful As much as will fill Spoonful
ing An action or result Painting
ion A process, state orresult Decoration
ism A belief or condition Judaism
ist A person Florist
ment An action or state Measurement

Suffixes that make ADJECTIVE

Suffix Meaning Example
able Able to be Inflatable
-en Made of Woolen
-ful Full of Beautiful
ible Ability Flexible
ish A little Greenish
less Without Careless
like Similar to, like Lifelike
ous Full of Joyous
some A tendency to Quarrelsome

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