English Present Perfect Tense, Using and Examples
Present perfect tense
When we talk about a topic in everyday life, we sometimes want to emphasize clearly that this has happened before. The date of this situation is not important to us, but what is important is that it is experienced or happened. In such cases, without giving detailed information about time, we only need to add a meaning reveals that this situation is experienced. For this, we prefer to use uncertain past tense. When using the past tense indefinitely, the words and suffixes we use are also different.
In expressing the work done and completed in the past, the message we give to the other person is quite different. For example, if someone asks us if we do our homework, we want to tell that person that we’re doing this. But it doesn’t matter exactly when we do homework in this sentence. So we use uncertainty mode, which is called present perfect tense.
For present perfect tense, the verb 3 is always used. In addition to the 3rd form of the verb, in Present perfect tense, have is used for plural and I. Also, has is used for singular individuals. However, it is possible to strengthen the meaning of the sentence with expressions such as already which will add the meaning of completeness to the sentence.
Subject + has / have + V3 + Object
- I have done my job.
- He has gone, sorry for that.
- It is done and I am reallt happy get rid of it.
- I have told you that you should not go there.
For present perfect tense negative sentence, the sentence structure is exactly the same. But this time we have to bring a ‘’not’’ after the word ‘’have’’ or ‘’has’’. It is also possible to add the meaning of negativity to the sentence by using the word never. Remember that words like ‘’already, never’’ are really important for present perfect tense to ensure the meaning of the sentence.
Subject + has / have + not + V3 + Object
- I have not seen you.
- You have not made it, right? Because it is not necessary to me.
- They have not approved this behavior, so change it as soon as possible.
- I have never done that before, please do not blame me for this behavior.
Note: As you can see, in the last sentence, we did not use ‘’not’’, because the ‘’never’’ can give us the negative meaning we need.