V1 V2 V3, Definition, Examples and Detailed List

English V1 V2 V3, Definition, Examples and Detailed List

English V1 V2 V3, Definition, Examples and Detailed List


V1, V2 and V3

When learning English you need to know the meaning of certain words first, and then sort the words appropriately according to grammatical rules. Verbs in a regular structure can be transformed with a simple rule, whereas in irregular verbs, this situation is slightly different. It may be a good start to make some memorization and learn how to use the verbs in the right places.

In English there are regular verbs as well as irregular verbs. In Simple Past Tense and Past Participle forms, most of the verbs have -d, -ed and -ied suffixes, while some verbs do not follow this rule. These verbs which do not follow this rule and whose past tenses are completely different from the others are called irregular verbs.

Irregular verbs are used in the form of verb 2 and verb 3, Past Participle, depending on the situation and time of use. Now let’s take a look at the situations and how to use these verbs together.

Where is the second form of irregular verbs used?

Simple past tense sentences should be set with verb 2.  In Past Tense sentences, irregular verbs should be in accordance with the following pattern;

Subject + Verb 2 + Object

Examples:

  • I took the bus last night.
  • I slept yesterday at 12 o’clock.
  • John took his car to New York last winter.
  • Wrote a letter to a friend last night.



Where is the third form of irregular verbs used?

Present Perfect Tense: Used for situations and actions that have happened in the past but are still in effect.  In other words, it establishes relations with the past and future.

Subject + Have / Has + Verb 3 + Object

Examples:

  • I went to my uncles.
  • He just had his tea.
  • I have never seen a lion in my life.
  • My sister ate pasta before.

Past Perfect Tense: Used to describe a specific moment in the past tense or other situation that occurred before the event.  For Past Perfect Tense, it is absolutely necessary to know the third form of verbs.

Subject + Had + Verb 3 + Object

Examples:

  • I saw the TV on the computer before turning it on.
  • My mother taught me English.
  • We went out after the snow started.
  • I visited my uncle before going to the cinema.



V1 V2 V3 List
V1

Base Form

V2

Past Simple

V3

Past Participle

abide abode abode
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
be was/were been
bear bore born
beat beat beaten
beget begot begotten
begin began begun
bend bent bent
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt burnt
burst burst burst
buy bought Bought
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt dwelt
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fly flew flown
forbid forbad(e) forbidden
forecast forecast forecast
forget forgot forgotten
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen

 

V1

Base Form

V2

Past Simple

V3

Past Participle

grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant leant
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strike struck struck
string strung strung
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden
wake woke woken
wear wore worn

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