Basic Grammar Rules in English Comprehensive Summary for Beginners

Basic Grammar Rules in English Comprehensive Summary for Beginners


Basic Grammar Rules in English: Comprehensive Summary for Beginners

The English language is the most commonly used language of the era. Furthermore, there are job advertisements by the business ecosystems around the world that looking for well-qualified labor. The most universal feature of these advertisements is to be fluent in English. Not only big companies and corporations, but even the newborn startups are also needed this skill. Because our era is the era of information. Today, all the innovations are under the supremacy of the information. To catch up with this enormous data flow, the information, people and businesses should have the inevitable data-gathering tool, English. It is never too late to start. Let’s see some of the basic grammar rules in English.

The proper order of the elements of the sentence

Please forget the anarchist motto, “order is disorder”. In English, all the sentences have a correct element order. This rule is one of the basic grammar rules in English. There are three types of sentences in English. These are positive, negative, and question sentences. The correct element order for a positive sentence is “subject-verb-object”. For a negative sentence, it is “subject-verb-not-object”. The order should be “verb-subject-object” for a question sentence. Let’s find out in the examples.

  1. You go swimming all the time. (positive sentence)

You do not go swimming all the time. (negative sentence)

Will you go swimming all the time? (question sentence)

  1. My room is big. (positive)

My room is not big. (negative)


Is my room big? (question)

The fundamental elements of a sentence

To make a sentence, a subject and a verb are essential. Without them, a sentence that contains meaning cannot be made. An object is optional. But there is an exception in the case of imperative sentences. That sentences may have only a verb, the subject is understood.

  1. I love you. (Has a meaning.)

I love. (Has a meaning, too.)

I (Does not mean anything.)

  1. I was made for loving you. (Has a meaning)

I was made (Has a meaning)

I (Does not mean anything.)

  1. Stop! (Means, “you stop!”)
  2. Slow down! (Means, “you slow down!”)

The subject and verb must be in the same number

In English grammar, the subject and verb must agree in number. On one hand, a singular subject should be with a singular verb and a plural subject should a plural verb. Let’s understand by examining the examples below.

  1. She are stronger than you. (incorrect, a singular subject with a plural verb)

She is stronger than you. (correct)

  1. The women who I love more than anybody lives on the West Side. (incorrect, a plural subject with a singular verb)

The women who I love more than anybody live on the West Side. (correct)

The singularity of collective nouns

The things that we mentioned them by using collective nouns are singular things now. Even if we talk about more than one thing, they are used as a singular. But in the case that a collective noun is used as a name, it would be plural.

  1. A pod of blue whales is approaching here. There should be planktons which are the fundamental food of them.
  2. A herd of gray wolves is howling, do you hear?
  3. A congress of baboons is fighting over a bunch of bananas.

The place of adjectives

In the English language, it is always been important to know the correct place of the elements of a sentence. For example, adjectives always come before the noun. We should know these basic grammar rules in English to express our knowledge, our necessities better. You will be able to examine this rule by the examples below.

  1. Oh, a pretty woman walking down the street.
  2. This is the most awesome day ever happened in human history, he said.
  3. You should be careful when the wild wind blows. It could be dangerous to be in the sea.
  4. And we keep driving into the night, it is a late Such a late goodbye.

The difference between its and it’s

Even if most of the grammar mistakes made by non-native speakers of the English language, the usage of “its” and “it’s” causes common grammar mistakes around the native speaker. The word “its” is a determiner pronoun that expresses a belonging to anything. The word “it’s” is a contraction for “it is” or “it has”. You will understand this difference better by the examples.

  1. Look! Did you see the cute kitten? I hope we can find its
  2. You probably know that catchphrase about Philadelphia. It’s always sunny in Philadelphia. (It is)
  3. It’s been a long time when our last meetings. Let’s go people, see what do you have for this week? (It has)
  4. Our new flat is huge. Even, its storage unit is bigger than our last apartment.

The difference between your and you’re

This difference is a common misusage, especially around the people who are already native speakers of the English language. This difference is one of the basic grammar rules in English. To use the language better and express our knowledge well, we need to know this case. The word “your” is a determiner pronoun that expresses a belonging to anything. The word “you’re” is a contraction for “you are”. You see, it is totally different.

  1. You’re the one who I waited for her for a long time, he said. But it was too late.
  2. We are not your kind of people; you seem a kind of phony. Everything is a lie.
  3. It is your To live or to die. Choose wisely.

The indefinite article and the definite article

It is important to use the correct article in a sentence is important. This is one of the basic grammar rules in English. Indefinite article, “a/an”, is used for countable nouns in general. The definite article, “the”, is used for specific countable nouns and all uncountable nouns. Here they are, examples:

  1. A wild horse was running across the steppes. The horse was gray.
  2. I saw a beautiful girl today. The girl was reading Schopenhauer.
  3. My mom made a cake and a steak. The cake was non-sugar, the steak was medium-rare.