Present, Past, Perfect Participles Definition and Examples

English Present, Past, Perfect Participles Definition and Examples


English Present, Past, Perfect Participles Definition and Examples


When learning a language, you use many functional or easy-to-use words or phrases that will enable us to express ourselves better. Utilizing a variety of adjectives can help you make your speech more intense, both as you convey your own experiences in everyday life and while trying to inform others about different topics. While making use of such adjectives, you can also use structures called participles. Participles are structures that are actually made from verbs, but characterize them by showing any situation, object or person.

Thanks to the participles, people can give detailed features of the object they point to on any subject they are talking about. Under normal conditions, additional information about the specified object or person is given through clauses in the English language. However, when participles are used to prevent unnecessary extension of the sentence, it is possible to provide more practical use.

Generally, the mother tongue is a different language and individuals who try to learn English afterward may experience various problems in deducting the meaning of the sentence when they encounter participants in a sentence. Therefore, it is extremely important to examine a large number of examples and realize what these participles structures have in the sentence.

In our content today, we will talk about different participle structures used with different time period modes. We will carry out a detailed analysis of these structures in the article.

  1. Present participles

If we want to give information about a situation occurring in the present in any sentence, we need to use the present participants. When using present participants, we can usually make verbs participles using -ing suffix. When we do this, we will provide information about what the person or object we are talking about in the sentence does. In addition, using participles instead of using phrases will allow us to create a much shorter and easier to understand the sentence. In this context, we will try to give general information about the present participants.


Here are 1000 most common english phrases pdf


  • The man who is walking over there is my brother.
  • Sitting by the fire, he was drinking milk or drinking milk, he was sitting by the fire.
  • We walked along the river and we whistled as we were walking.

Let’s analyze this sentence together. There is information in this sentence that the individual mentioned is walking. When a person starts reading this sentence for the first time, he portrays a general “man” character. Then, more detailed information is started about who this person is or what he is doing. This information is provided through participles. I would like to draw your attention to the fact that the participles structure used here was created with -ing suffix.

  1. Past participles

If you want to take action to provide information about an event that occurred in the past, you can still use participles. In such uses, there is a structure like the one we just mentioned. Again, a piece of general information is given in the first word in a sentence. Then, thanks to past participants, more detailed information about the object of the information are provided. In order to provide more detailed information, the verb conjugation should be provided according to the time frame used.

Therefore, people who will make this kind of use must definitely be knowledgeable about grammar and verb conjugation. Besides all these, it is very important to know which words or groups of words can be extracted from the structure of the clauses with the omitting process.


  • The man who walked over there is my brother.
  • As she was convinced that we were going to prison her, she refused to eat anything. ->¬†Convinced that we were going to prison her, she refused to eat anything.

Let’s analyze this sentence. First of all, a man is mentioned in the sentence. Then, with the help of participants, detailed information is provided so that we can understand exactly who this man is. At this very point, we understand that the action mentioned took place in the past. Because the words captured in the past were used as participles. In short, the participles both act as adjectives and provide information about when a particular action took place.

  1. Perfect Participles

When you try to get information about an ordinary grammar structure, you may notice that the use of present, past and perfect is very common. One of the most preferred time modes in the use of Participles is the perfect time. When using this mode, we often use participles structures to specify individuals or objects and add detail to them. We will examine this issue through an example below.


  • The man who has walked over there is my brother.
  • Having seen his before, you could easily recognized his.

Let’s examine the above sentence in detail. First of all, a man is mentioned in the sentence. Then, extra detail was given about who this male individual was. With this detail, we understand that the action took place some time ago and that the action still continues. Perfect participants can also be used when no specific timeline was required in the information about the past. In addition to this sentence, examine the following examples:


  • The woman has invited me was pretty cool.
  • The officer has told me no entrance is allowed was right.