Common Noun and Proper Noun, Definition and Examples

Common Noun and Proper Noun, Definition and Examples

Common Noun and Proper Noun

The words that meet all living creatures, concepts and even verbs and are used to remember, recognize and distinguish them are called “noun”. For example; all words such as tree, water, sea, Tommy, New York, Samara and hat are known as ‘noun‘. Nouns are divided into classes from various directions. Nouns are divided into two depending on whether the entity or concept they belong to is unique: if the asset or concept is private (unique, unique), its name is proper noun and for common use (more than the same) its name is ‘common noun’. known. Here are common noun and proper noun examples;

Proper Noun

The words that meet the unique and unmatched beings in the universe are called ‘proper noun’. All proper noun (every word that makes up the noun and titles describing and introducing them) starts with a capital letter. If it does not start with a capital letter, it is considered a common noun. For example; Jim, Tomas, London, Washington, Seoul, Ronaldo, Blue Church, Elizabet, John, La Case De Papel, English, English Language. The main proper nouns are:

  • Human noun: John, Carry, Todd, Jenica, Melissa etc.
  • Institution, establishment, institution, authority, university nouns: Saint John High School, Health Association, British Language Institute, Oxford University, New York Governorship etc.
  • Nation, tribe, religion, sect nouns: British, German, Greek, American, Indian, Russian, Jewish, Christian, Judaism, Christianity etc.
  • Language nouns: Persian, English, French, Hungarian, Finnish, Tibetan etc.


  • City, District, District, neighborhood, street, boulevard, street nouns: London, Paris, Seoul, California etc.
  • Country and region nouns: UK, India, France, West Germany, South Yemen, Eastern Europe etc.
  • Continental nouns: Eurasia, Asia, Europe, Africa, America, Antarctica, Australia.
  • Sea, ocean, lake, running water, strait, passage nouns: Mediterranean, Black Sea, English Channel, Great Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Panama Pass, Suez Canal etc.
  • Mountain, hill, plain, highland nouns: Everest Hill etc.

If you pay attention to the special nouns that are capitalized on both letters like “Everest Hill”, it is seen that the first word already exists as the proper noun, and the noun formed when the second word is added corresponds to a new and special entity belonging to that proper noun.

  • Planet and star nouns: Merih, Mars, Jupiter, Venus, Little Dipper etc.

The world starts with a capital letter because the sun and moon words are used as terms (the term astronomy and geography) because it is a proper noun, and if it is used in other meanings (real, metaphor, side, spouse, idiom etc.) it starts with a lowercase letter. For example:

  • The close-up photos of the Moon surprised humanity.
  • In summer, the sun’s rays come perpendicular to the Earth.
  • In many parts of the world, people watched the eclipse.
  • We have traveled as much as the world since the morning.
  • The poet likens the face of his lover to the moon. (not to the moon itself, but to its appearance)
  • Books, newspapers, work nouns: BBC (newspaper), Forbes (newspaper), Health (magazine), Current (magazine), English Language (magazine) etc.
  • Propes nouns attached to animals: Todd, John etc.

Common Noun

Assets of the same sex are known as common nouns. The basic concepts of language represent the part of common noun. For example, stone, road, tree, river, book, magazine, leaf, house, child, water, row, imagination, thought, turn, longing, sides, punishment etc. The main common noun are:

  • Body parts and organ nouns: head, arm, hand, foot, chest etc.
  • Kinship nouns: mother, father, sister, uncle, still, aunt etc.
  • Tool, item nouns: spoon, scissors, cup, thread, needle etc.
  • Animal and plant nouns: cat, eagle, nut, walnut, cherry etc.
  • Concepts: thought, goal, intelligence, desire etc.
  • Job, profession, professional nouns: teacher, teacher, lawyer, worker, officer, professional, football player etc.
  • Nouns to wear: jacket, shoes, shirt, gloves etc.


  • Food nouns: apple, food, bread, pepper etc.
  • Beverage nouns: water, soft drink, soda etc.
  • Number nouns: ten, five hundred, one etc.
  • Color nouns: yellow, red, purple etc.
  • Attribute nouns: big, huge, circular etc.
  • Time nouns: month, hour, minute, year etc.
  • Question Words: what, who, which etc.

Leave a Reply