8 Types of Figure of Speech, Definition and Examples
Language can be used in two ways. These are the literal and figurative use of the word. Literal language is direct, uses the true definition and meaning of idioms along with words. However, when figuratively spoken, the meaning of any word or phrase will depend on the context in which it is used. A way of speaking is based on the rhetorical department or this figurative language. When using speech figures, sentences will differ from their actual meaning in order to give these words a more specific and specific meaning.
It is the fact that the powerless of two objects with various relations between them is compared to the strong. Four elements are used in the analogy, which are similar, simulated, analogy of direction, analogy of analogy.
Note: We should distinguish well between simile and simile. We can think like this, they compare us to our mother or father. In other words, we are compared to the mother. It is then a powerful, resembling weak that is likened based on this knowledge. (Mother and father are stronger than we can keep in mind here.)
- When dissolving like soap in water.
Metaphor is a concept based on an analogy based on metaphorical meaning. We can also define it as a figure of speech extending etymologically from Ancient Greece. It comes from the word ‘metafora’, a Latin and Greek word by origin. Unrelated words are not used in metaphors. On the contrary, it is done by creating depth in different expressions. The “Less is more” philosophy is important in most parts of our lives. The simpler and clearer the narration is, the more clear and understandable the message that is intended to be conveyed, we agree on this issue. However, there are some expressions that even if it is not decorated with wax, it can be expressed in different metaphors and can easily be found in its mind on the opposite side, which we call metaphor.
We call personification to give a human property to non-human beings. It comes from the word person. We can remember the personification from the word person by bringing the person to our mind.
- A rain starts or thinner, then look at the joy in the soil, the birds told me that you are going to distant lands. That beautiful sound of mountain mountain has traveled all around.
It is the art of telling the idea that is meant to be explained by making it larger or smaller.
- The wave of the sea did not go as far as my heart.
Onomatopoeia is one of the issues that we often encounter in daily life. If we describe it briefly, we can say the words that are inspired by the sounds of living or inanimate beings in nature and emit those sounds. People sometimes need to use reflection words to strengthen their expression. The sounds of some beings in nature can sometimes be used to express other situations related to those beings and sometimes similar.
- Can you hear the clicks coming from the roof?
Idiom is a word formed by using more than one word together and rarely in the connotation of a single word to express a certain concept, a certain emotion or situation. If we give an example from Turkish, we can show thousands of them such as “mouth-beating, spreading flour, sitting sitting, removing the pods from the mouth, fell to the uncle…”. Examples such as evening meal, cheddar, water, eye, gedik can be given for single item idioms.
- Collar shrug. (Bored of a person or situation)
- Blasting fire. (Excessively angry, angry)
These are the utterances of the public, which have stereotyped forms that express the judgments, experiences, wise thoughts or advice based on long trials of people in the past. Proverbs shows different features in terms of format than other types of writing. Writing types such as stories, novels, poems, essays are formed by combining many sentences and integrating them in terms of meaning. However, proverbs usually consist of one, at most two sentences. All emotions and thoughts fit in this one sentence. These sentences do not vary from person to person. It is the common property of the people and is said by the people in the same way.
- A mischievous worker crime always finds materials. (When a poor worker fails to fulfill the task successfully, he bears the materials or external factors he uses.)
Here are 8 Types of Figure of Speech;
- When dissolving like soap in water. (Smile)
- John is a goat. (Metaphor)
- A rain starts or thinner, then look at the joy in the soil, the birds told me that you are going to distant lands. That beautiful sound of mountain mountain has traveled all around. (Personification)
- The wave of the sea did not go as far as my heart. (Hyperbole)
- Can you hear the clicks coming from the roof? (Onomatopoeia)
- I lubricated the creaking door hinges beautifully. (Onomatopoeia)
- Collar shrug. (Bored of a person or situation)
- Movements speak louder than words. (Actions reflect the human character better because it is easy to say something but it is difficult to act as said)