Parts of Speech in English, Definition and Examples

Parts of Speech in English, Definition and Examples

Parts of Speech in English, Definition and Examples



Parts of Speech

Anyone who wants to learn English should firstly recognize the English sentence structure. There are eight chapters in English, and each word belongs to one of these eight species. However, for each word it is impossible to say that it belongs to the group, because some words can be in many groups according to their meaning.

When learning a word, a person who learns all its meanings and uses will also automatically increase the number of words he knows. Therefore, it is very important to learn different meanings when learning a word. In addition, when searching for a word from the dictionary, attention should be paid to the word types indicated by abbreviations, and their use in the sentence should be made in accordance with the word type.

The following are different types of words. This topic needs to be learned very well in order to improve the use of dictionary and vocabulary. It consists of 8 groups which are given below as the elements of the sentence.  These;

Noun: Living is words that meet all living beings and concepts.

  • They live in Madrid.
  • This is my cat.


Adverb
: The opposite of adjectives in the sentence quality, place, quantity, direction and status of verbs are known as the words.

  • My cat eats quickly.
  • She spoke softly.


Adjective
: Words that qualify a noun in terms of quality, place, quantity and order.

  • We like big cake.
  • I have three pencils.


Conjunction
: Words that connect words, phrases and sentences in form and meaning.

  • I am very hungry, but the fridge is empty.
  • I was watching tv when she came in.





Pronouns
: They are used in place of nouns in sentences.

  • He is very clever.
  • 12th September is the date that I was born.


Preposition
: Words that help to establish meaning relevance between words and concepts of different tasks and genres. In English, they change meaning by using verbs many times.

  • She was hiding under the table.
  • There is some milk in the fridge.

Interjection: Words that express emotions such as joy, anger, sadness, anxiety, fear and astonishment, reflecting the sounds of nature or being used to address someone.

  • Wow! What a beautiful car!
  • Oh no, I can’t believe that it is snowing here again!


Verb
: Business, occurrence and movement are words that tell. In English, verbs exist as infinitive. English verbs at the beginning of the infinitive ‘to’ has the suffix.

  • like apple.
  • Come in please.

Each word or phrase in a sentence can be described as one of the elements given above, depending on its function in the sentence. Note that a word in one function in an English sentence can be used in another in another.

Other Example Sentences;

  • Looks ugly (Adjective)
  • It plays quite well (Envelope)
  • What a coincidence!  (Exclamation)
  • His eyes filled up when he entered the room (Verb)
  • Microbes are tiny creatures that are invisible to the eye.  (Name)

 


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