Using The Future Perfect Tense in English

Using The Future Perfect Tense in English

Using The Future Perfect Tense in English



Future perfect tense is used to express actions that will be performed and completed by a certain time in the future. It gives you the meaning of “will”.

For example; I will have finished my presentation by the time my mother arrives home. The verb will help with all subjects used. The verb is brought before. The verb is V3 (past participle).

 

POSITIVE: Subject + will + have + V3

  • You will have worked here for 20 years before you retire.
  • By September, I will have gotten my visa.
  • Mary will have been ready by the time I get home.
  • The plane will have landed by that time.




In positive sentences, have “will have ” is brought after the subject. After will have, the third version of irregular verbs is used;  -ed is introduced for regular verbs.

(For 12 Tenses Formula with Examples)

NEGATIVE: Subject + will not or won’t + have + V3

  • They won’t have received their gifts by Friday.
  • He will not (won’t) have received enough score by the summer.
  • They will not (won’t) have been maried by next year.

Will not or won’t be used in negative sentences. In the negative sentence, irregular verbs are used again after the third;  regular verbs are used by bringing -ed.

 

QUESTION: will + subject + have + V3

  • Will you have completed the report by the time the meeting finishes?
  • Will he have finished his work by 5 o’clock?
  • Will they have sent an email until tomorrow?

 

Will be used in positive question sentences, won’t be used in negative question sentences.

Use of Future Perfect Simple 

Actions to be completed before a predetermined time in the future.

  • I will have bought a yatch in a few years’ time.
  • Pam will have arrived home by then.
Future Perfect Simple Time Words

There are some words in future perfect tense. They are before, by, by then, in a few years’ time, by the time, when, etc.

Most Frequently Used Verbs and Shootings with Future Perfect Simple
  • ask- will have asked
  • call- will have called
  • work- will have worked
  • finish- will have finished
  • have- will have had
  • do- will have done
  • say- will have said




FOR EXAMPLES;

  • I will have finished my report by 10.
  • I won’t have announced the results by tomorrow.
  • Will you have finished your tasks by 5?
  • They will have called us in two hours.
  • They won’t have heard the news by tomorrow.
  • Will your mother have come by tonight?
  • We will have bought a new car in three years.
  • I won’t have eaten lunch by 3.
Future Perfect Tense Chart
POSITIVE (+) NEGATIVE (-) QUESTION (?)
I will have started I will not (won’t) have started Will I have started
You will have started You will not (won’t) have started Will you have started
He will have started He will not (won’t) have started Will he have started
She will have started She will not (won’t) have started Will she have started
It will have started It will not (won’t) have started Will it have started
We will have started We will not (won’t) have started Will we have started
You will have started You will not (won’t) have started Will you have started
They will have started They will not (won’t) have started Will they have started

 

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