Conjunction Types, Kinds of Conjunctions, Definition and Example Sentences

Conjunction Types, Kinds of Conjunctions, Definition and Example Sentences


As is known, we often make long sentences when communicating with people using the English language. It may make sense to use some binding words or phrases so that these long sentences can form a meaningful whole and are more easily understood by the other person. There are many conjunctions with different tasks in the English language.

These conjunctions make sentences more aesthetic and easier to understand. Instead of telling your problems or thoughts in pieces, in small sentences, you can express yourself more fluently using certain conjunctions. Therefore, you can improve your language usage skills in a short time by using such connectors. If you want to learn more, you can review the rest of the article.

As is known, conjunctions are divided into three. It is possible to list these categories as follows:

  1. Subordinating conjunctions
  2. Coordinating conjunction
  3. Correlative conjunction
  4. Conjunctive adverbs

We will review each category above, one by one.

Subordinating conjunctions

Such conjunctions are frequently used in noun phrases. These are the most suitable conjunction structures for linking dependent clauses structures to independent clause structures. Most of the connectors used in daily life are evaluated in the category of Subordinating conjunctions.

It is possible to say that these types of conjunctions basically have three different functions:

  • These conjunctions connect two different sentences, as mentioned above.
  • In addition, these ties increase the emphasis of an independent clause in the sentence and thus intensify the narrative.
  • Such conjunctions give detailed information for the dependent clause. Location, time or condition information is provided by the independent clause for the dependent clause.

Here some examples:

  1. As soon as Marry arrives in the room, I will start telling her what we are experiencing today.
  2. When you said you’d be here, I was arguing with Ashley about this.
  3. Whenever we talk about it, you are right. That’s why I’m bored.
  4. I will be waiting for you outside when you take this exam.

Coordinating conjunction

When you need to link a large number of nouns, verbs or adjectives that have close meanings in a sentence to form a meaningful whole, you need to use Coordinating conjunction. These types of conjunctions can be used to create positive or negative meanings. Comma usage rules may change in such connectors. For example, it is necessary to use a comma after each word and before the ‘’and’’ conjunction.

Here some examples:

  1. Harley says he is not going to attend our party, nor he will join the afterparty.
  2. I want to buy some fruit, vegetable, chocolate, tea, coffee, and water.
  3. It is troublesome to experience all this at the same time, for all of these are just the symbols of you.
  4. I would like to help you with this and ease your burden, yet unfortunately, I have no time.

Correlative conjunction

When we want to show that the actions, nouns or adjectives to be used in a sentence are at the same level as each other, we need to use Correlative conjunction. This hierarchical order may mean a negative or positive meaning. Correlative conjunction alternatives that will provide the above meaning are generally longer than one word. Therefore, it can sometimes be difficult to understand that such conjunctions are a group within themselves and that they add a different meaning to the sentence.

The most basic Correlative conjunction alternatives can be listed as follows:

  1. neither … nor
  2. either … or
  3. both … and
  4. not only … but also
  5. rather … or
  6. no sooner … than

Here some examples with these correlative conjunction alternatives:

  1. Emily is both going to school and then to the party with me.
  2. He is going to either see you by coming there or stay home and watch TV.
  3. I am neither rich nor famous.
  4. Believe me, you are not only unselfish but also very lovely.
  5. Would you rather go to the movie that we talked about last night or spend the day at home with Netflix?

Conjunctive adverbs

Conjunctive adverbs are called conjunctions that combine sentences that provide very long and detailed information to form a meaningful whole. Although in some schools these conjunctions are not given under this category, we found it appropriate to include them in this category.

Conjunctive adverbs alternatives connect the clauses they combine in terms of sequence, contrast, cause and effect, and other relationships. Therefore, in general, they provide integrity in the paragraph. In addition, instead of expressing each sentence separately, expressing it with such conjunctions provides a fluent, professional and academic use.

Here are some rules related to conjunctive adverbs:

  • Punctuation is always used before or after such words.
  • When reading sentences containing conjunctive adverbs, it is necessary to briefly pause where these adverbs alternatives exist.
  • Such varieties of adverbs can be used at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence.

Here are some examples of conjunctive adverbs:

  1. I want to go with you and start to refresh myself there; however, this kind of decision cannot be made just in a second. I need to think about it.
  2. When you told me that you are not keen on these activities I disappointed; therefore, I decided to change our daily routine.
  3. You are important for me; nonetheless, sometimes I feel like you don’t even take care of me.